A Multi-Center Biologic Assignment Trial Comparing Reduced Intensity Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplant to Hypomethylating Therapy or Best Supportive Care in Patients Aged 50-75 with Intermediate-2 and High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Background: MDS is a clonal disorder of hematopoietic precursors and stem cells, which may evolve to a terminal phase resembling acute leukemia. A subject of clinical urgency for researchers, clinicians, patients, and health care underwriters such as Medicare, is the role of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) in the treatment of older patients with higher risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The use of reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens has extended HCT to the care of older patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and lymphoma and a number of retrospective and phase II trials for patients with MDS now show the curative potential of RIC alloHCT in selected patients. This protocol is designed evaluate the relative benefits of RIC alloHCT compared to non-transplant therapies focusing on overall survival. This will be done by having patients biologically assigned to the alloHCT arm or the hypomethylating therapy/best supportive care arm and following them for survival at 3 years.
KeywordsHematopoietic Cell, Hypomethylating Therapy, High Risk, Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Allogeneic
Principal InvestigatorJohn R Wingard, M.D.
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