Epilepsy and Seizures Disorders
The multidisciplinary team at the University of Florida Comprehensive Epilepsy Program (UFCEP) is committed to providing advanced care to people with epilepsy, seizures and sleep disorders.
UF Health Shands Hospital is home to state-of-the-art medical, surgical and imaging facilities. An epilepsy monitoring unit is available for both adults and children who require long-term monitoring of their seizures.
Seizures and Seizure Classification
A seizure is the physical findings or changes in behavior that occur after an episode of abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
The term "seizure" is often used interchangeably with "convulsion." Convulsions are when a person's body shakes rapidly and uncontrollably. During convulsions, the person's muscles contract and relax repeatedly. There are many different types of seizures. Some are mild and do not involve body shaking.
Nonsurgical approaches are the first line of treatment for epilepsy. The UFCEP offers the latest antiepileptic medications as well as experimental antiepileptic medications as part of research trials. The ketogenic diet program, a physician-monitored diet approach, may also be offered, especially for younger patients who do not respond to medications.
- Seizure medications
- Common and rare AED side effects
- Drugs that may lower seizure threshold
- Ketogenic diet
The specialists at the UFCEP are experts in performing all the latest surgical techniques to treat epilepsy and seizure disorders. Using advanced stereotactic technology to pinpoint the location of the epileptic lesion, these procedures aim to remove the smallest possible amount of brain tissue to achieve control or to decrease the frequency and/or severity of seizures.
They include the following procedures:
- Anterior temporal lobectomy
- Extratemporal resections
- Corpus callosotomy
- Vagus nerve stimulation