Apoplexy is bleeding into an organ or loss of blood flow to an organ. For example,
- Adrenal apoplexy - bleeding into the adrenal glands
- Pituitary apoplexy - bleeding into the pituitary gland
Apoplexy refers to stroke symptoms that occur suddenly. Such symptoms occur due to bleeding into the brain. It can also occur by a blood clot in a brain blood vessel. Conditions such as subarachnoid hemorrhage or stroke are sometimes called apoplexy.
Functional apoplexy is when a person appears to be having stroke-like symptoms. However, there is no brain defect.
Goldstein LB. Approach to cerebrovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 406.
Thiessen MEW. Thyroid and adrenal disorders. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 120.